Tavistock, St Eustachius

Lady Chapel south 2

Entries in grey are not obtained from documentary evidence, but are inferred from content, context, etc.

Date of manufacture and insertion
Number of lights
Main subject
a. St Rumon, patronal saint of Tavistock Abbey, dressed as bishop
b. Blessed Virgin Mary with Infant Jesus
c. St Eustachius, patronal saint of the church, dressed as a soldier, holding martyr’s palm frond
Tracery subject
Arms of Tavistock Grammar School, town of Tavistock, arms and initials of dedicatee
Subject type
Figurative historical
Masters and old boys of Tavistock Grammar School
Revd Edward Spencer, MA, headmaster of Tavistock Grammar School , died .
  1. Death of dedicatee Devon and Exeter Gazette p 6, Western Times p 6, Western Times p 3.
  2. Insertion, donor, dedicatees, subjects, Western Morning News p 6, Devon and Exeter Gazette p 14 (gives maker).
  3. Image of window.
  4. Pair with North aisle 3 (same donors, dedicatee, insertion date).
  5. Style similar to Sancreed South aisle 1 by Drake.

To the Glory of God and in memory of the Revd Edward Spencer M.A.

  1. St Rumon, one of the patronal saints of the Benedictine Abbey of Tavistock. He is dressed as a bishop, wearing a mitre, holding a crozier in his left hand and a martyr’s palm in his right hand. Above him is an unidentified emblem, and the letters ‘S R’ (Saint or Sanctus Rumon). and below him the arms of the town of Tavistock. According to Burke (Burke, Bernard, The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales, p 998. , London, Harrison & Sons) these are per pale gules and azure a fleece, round the body a collar and ring, in chief a lion passant gardant on each side a fleur-de-lys all or. Tavistock Town Council gives them as per pale. gules and azure; a fleece banded; a chief, dexter a lion passant gardent, sinister a fleur-de-lys, all or, which is closer to the arms here.
  2. Blessed Virgin Mary, the other patronal saint of Tavistock Abbey. On her left arm is the Infant Jesus, and in her right hand she holds a sceptre. Above her is the dove of the Holy Spirit and the letters ‘S M’ (St Mary or Sancta Maria) Below her is what appears to be a very faded armorial.
  3. St Eustachius, the patronal saint of the church. He is dressed in armour, wears a helmet, and in his left hand he carries a halberd, and in his right hand he holds a martyr’s palm. Above him is an unidentified symbol (a cross on a sunburst) and the letters ‘S E’ (Saint or Sanctus Eustachius). Below him are the arms of the Benedictine Abbey of Tavistock Burke (Burke , op. cit., p 998 gives the arms of Tavistock Abbey as vairé or and azure, on a chief of the first two mullets gules pierced of the field. Woodward (Woodward, John. A Treatise on Ecclesiastical Heraldry, p 387. Edinburgh and London, W. & A.K. Johnston, ) gives them as vairé or and azure, on a chief of the first two mullets (sometimes pierced) gules, otherwise, vair, on a chief or, two pierced mullets gules.

In the outer tracery lights are the letters E and S, the initials of the dedicatee. In the second tracery light are probably the arms of Spencer, although the second and third quarters do not correspond with any listed in Burke. In the third tracery light are the arms of Russell (the Duke of Bedford) argent a lion rampant gules on a chief sable three escallops of the field (Burke , op. cit., p 879) impaled with the arms of the town of Tavistock. They are probably the arms of Tavistock Grammar School, of which the dedicatee was headmaster;

St Rumon, the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Eustachius.