Brampton, St Mary Magdalene

s6. South aisle 1

Entries in grey are not obtained from documentary evidence, but are inferred from content, context, etc.

Date of manufacture and insertion
1887
Number of lights
4
Maker
Fouracre & Watson
Main subject
Main lights: St Catherine, Annunciation, St Cecilia. Predellas: Mystical Marriage of St Catherine, Journey of the Magi, Nativity, St Cecilia.
Tracery subject
Angels playing musical instruments.
Subject type
Narrative
Donor
Edward Montague, eighth Earl of Sandwich, son of dedicatee.
Dedicatee
Mary Montague, née Paget, second daughter of Field Marshal the Marquis of Anglesey, first wife of the seventh Earl of Sandwich, died .
Design
Angel playing viol(Second tracery angel from right. Angel playing viol)
  1. 1888. Draynes, St Agatha, [unknown location]. Angel playing viol.
  2. 1908. West Worlington, St Mary, South aisle east. Left-hand tracery angel. Angel playing viol.
Angel playing small, pointed harp(Third tracery angel from right. Angel playing harp)
  1. 1888. Draynes, St Agatha, [unknown location]. Angel playing harp.
Angel playing long trumpet(Leftmost tracery angel. Angel playing long trumpet)
  1. 1888. Draynes, St Agatha, [unknown location]. Angel playing long trumpet.
Angel playing lute(Rightmost tracery angel. Angel playing lute)
  1. 1888. Draynes, St Agatha, [unknown location]. Angel playing lute.
Angel playing small, rounded harp(Leftmost tracery angel. Angel playing harp)
  1. 1888. Draynes, St Agatha, [unknown location]. Angel playing harp.
Angel playing model organ(Third tracery angel. Angel playing organ)
  1. 1908. West Worlington, St Mary, South aisle east. Second tracery angel. Angel playing organ.
Cecilia playing organ(Right-hand predella. Cecilia playing organ)
  1. 1908. West Worlington, St Mary, South aisle east. Right-hand predella. Cecilia playing organ.
Angel Gabriel holding lily at Annunciation(Second light. Angel Gabriel at Annunciation)
  1. 1915. Brendon, St Brendan, Chancel south 1. Angel Gabriel at Annunciation.
Blessed Virgin Mary(Third light. Blessed Virgin Mary at Annunciation)
  1. 1887. Widecombe in the Moor, St Pancras, South aisle east. Centre light. Blessed Virgin Mary.
  2. 1915. Brendon, St Brendan, Chancel south 2. Blessed Virgin Mary at Annunciation.
Notes
  1. Death of dedicatee, Morning Post p 5, Wolverhampton Chronicle and Staffordshire Advertiser p 7.
  2. Maker, insertion, Western Morning News p 5.
  3. Designed by John Brown, Waters W, Carew-Cox A, Damozels and Deities; Pre-Raphaelite Stained Glass . Seraphim Press, .
  4. The designs for Gabriel and the Blessed Virgin Mary were re-used in about for windows in the sanctuary and chancel respectively of St Brendan, Brendon, in Devon.

To the Glory of God and to the memory of Mary Countess of Sandwich this window is dedicated by her son Edward 8th Earl of Sandwich

The Annunciation window.

Tracery above the left-hand light, showing angels playing musical instruments. The left-hand angel is playing a harp and the right-hand angel is playing a trumpet.

Tracery above the second light, showing two angels. The left-hand angel is playing an organ (with the shortest pipes at the left-hand end!) and the right-hand angel is clasping its hands in prayer.

Tracery above the third light, showing two angels. The left-hand angel is clasping its hands in prayer and the right-hand angel is playing a harp.

Tracery above the right-hand light, showing two angels. The left-hand angel is playing a viol or violin and the right-hand angel is playing a plucked, four-stringed instrument.

Saint Catherine Mar[tyr]

The left-hand light shows St Catherine of Alexandria. Her left hand rests on a wheel, the instrument of her martrydom, and in her right hand she holds a martyr’s palm frond.

The left-hand predella shows the Mystical Marriage of St Catherine of Alexandria, a legend that first appeared in the medieval Golden Legend. On the right is the Blessed Virgin Mary, in her usual colour of blue, holding the Infant Jesus who is putting a ring on St Catherine’s finger, by which St Catherine consecrates herself and her virginity to Him. The scene shown in a predella usually illustrates an aspect of the subject of the main panel above it, as in this case.

Brampton, Gabriel Brampton, Blessed Virgin Mary

The Annunciation. The angel Gabriel, on the left, tells the Blessed Virgin Mary that she will conceive and bear the child Jesus (Luke 1:26–38). Gabriel holds a lily, the symbol of virginity, and at Mary’s feet are roses, also symbols of purity and perfection.

The second predella, showing the three Magi accompanied by a page boy. The central figure, with white hair and flowing beard, is Caspar. The figure on the left has a grey beard, so may be the middle-aged Melchior, in which case Balthazar, a young man, is on the right. The journey of the Magi to worship the infant Jesus is, like the Nativity in the next predella, an event that followed on from the Annunciation shown in the main panels above it.

The third predella, showing the Nativity. The Blessed Virgin Mary holds the infant Jesus. On the left is Joseph, holding a staff. In the background on the right are angels playing harps. A man, perhaps a shepherd, kneels at Mary’s feet while at the left in the background is a horned ox and, on the far right, a sheep. The Nativity is, like the journey of the Magi in the previous predella, an event that followed on from the Annunciation shown in the main panels above it.

Saint Cecilia Mar[tyr]

The right-hand light shows St Cecilia, the patron saint of musicians, carrying an organ supported on a knotted strip of fabric. Her left hand is on the keyboard and her right hand is working the bellows to provide the air for the instrument (which has the shorter, higher-pitched pipes at the left-hand end of the keyboard, presumably to help the pictorial composition of the scene).

The right-hand predella shows St Cecilia seated at a keyboard, probably of an organ, singing while angels listen. This is a common representation of her, because at her wedding she sang in her heart to God. The scene illustrates the line She drew an angel down from Alexander’s Feast, or the Power of Music, an ode by John Dryden. The guitar hanging up unused illustrates her rejection of the earthly instruments of Bacchus in favour of heavenly music. Once again, this interpretation of the scene in the predella illustrates an aspect of the subject of the main panel above it.

Brampton, angel playing round harp

Angel playing harp (comparison image).

Brampton, angel playing trumpet

Angel playing long trumpet (comparison image).

Brampton, angel playing pointed harp

Angel playing harp (comparison image).

Brampton, angel playing viol

Angel playing viol (comparison image).

Brampton, angel playing lute

Angel playing lute (comparison image).