Truro, Cathedral Church of St Mary

s17. South nave aisle 2

Entries in grey are not obtained from documentary evidence, but are inferred from content, context, etc.

Date of manufacture and insertion
Number of lights
Clayton & Bell
Main subject
Charles the Great : Kings Olaf and Alfred : Coronation of Charles the Great
“Friends and kinsfolk”
Dr William Edward Collins, Bishop of Gibraltar, died at sea near Smyrna, and his wife Mary Brewin Collins, daughter of Mr WJ Sterland, died .
  1. Death of Mrs Mary Collins, Clifton Society p 9.
  2. Death of Dr William Collins, Royal Cornwall Gazette p 5, Cornishman p 4, Western Morning News p 7 (letter from his father, Mr JH Collins).
  3. TDM 1912 : 68/135.
  4. Maker’s mark (see photo below).
  5. Insertion, Royal Cornwall Gazette p 4, Western Daily Mercury p 8, West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser p 4 (contains description of subjects).
  6. TDK 1913 : 157.
  7. One of a pair (with s16) of lancets given by the same donors in memory of the same dedicatees at the same time.
  8. Mason, AJ, Life of William Edward Collins, Bishop of Gibraltar, London, , Longmans, Green & Co.


s17. Joint dedication with s16.

s17 2 upper. Charlemagne, wearing a surcoat and cloak, and crowned with a circlet. His right hand rests upon the hilt of his unsheathed sword; his left hand holds a crowned orb and his blue sword sheath hangs at his left side.


s17 2 lower. The figure seated to the left represents Olaf (c), King of Norway from to and the patron saint of Norway. Olaf is shown crowned, wearing chain mail and a cloak. His left hand holds an upright sword with its tip placed in the ground, while his right holds a shield bearing a crucifix. The figure seated to the right represents King Alfred (), shown crowned and clothed in tunic and cloak. His right arm supports a sceptre, symbolising kingship, while his left supports a model of a Viking long-ship, symbolising his enemy.


s17 1. The coronation of Charlemagne on Christmas Day as the first Holy Roman Emperor, by Pope Leo III in the Basilica of St Peter in Rome. The face of the bishop in the centre, holding the orb on a cushion, may be a likeness of the dedicatee, Bishop William Collins.

Left-hand side of s16, s17 inscription Right-hand side of s16, s17 inscription

s17. The joint inscription with s16, at the bottom of the windows.

s17. The mark of the makers, Clayton and Bell, at the bottom right-hand corner of the window (just above the beginning of the word ‘BISHOP’ in the inscription). This and the adjacent window s16 are the only Clayton and Bell windows in the Cathedral known to contain a maker’s mark.