St Neot, St Anietus

s2. South Chapel east

Entries in grey are not obtained from documentary evidence, but are inferred from content, context, etc.

Date of manufacture and insertion
1490
Number of lights
5
Maker
Not known
Main subject
Fifteen scenes of the Creation.
3a. Creation of the sun, moon and stars 3b. Creation of the firmament 3c. Creation of birds and fish 3d. Creation of Adam 3e. Creation of Eve
2a. God warns Adam and Eve not to eat from the tree of knowledge 2b. Adam and Eve holding the fruit from the tree of knowledge 2c. An angel expel Adam and Eve from Eden 2d. Adam and Eve engaged in agricultural activities 2e. The sacrifices of Cain and Abel
1a. Cain kills Abel 1b. The curse of Cain 1c. Blind Lamech accidentally shoots Cain with an arrow 1d. The death of Adam 1e. God announces a flood and commands Noah to build an ark
Tracery subject
Nine orders of Angels: top - seraphim, thrones, cherubim: bottom - angels, dominions, virtues, powers, principalities, archangels
Subject type
Narrative
Notes
  1. Grylls, Revd Henry. Descriptive Sketch of the Windows of St. Neot Church, p 22. , Truro, Heard.
  2. Axworthy, William A. Historical Sketch of the Parish of St Neot , p 37. Paignton, Torbay Printing Works, . Axworthy acknowledges at the beginning that much of his description of the windows is taken from Grylls.
  3. Details=RICJ 2000 : 28.
  4. Mattingly J, Swift MG, Pre-Dissolution stained glass in Cornwall—a gazetteer, St Neot, (originally published in Vidimus Vol 31, ).

The story of Creation, up to God’s command to Noah to build the ark

Tracery. The nine orders of angels:

  1. 1–4. Seraphim, extra angel blowing trumpet, Thrones, Cherubim.
  2. 5–10. Angels, Denominations, Virtues, Powers, Principalities, Archangels.

Hic Dominus designat mundum (Here the Lord plans the world)

3a. God, with a pair of compasses in his hand, planning the Creation (Genesis 1:1, Proverbs 8:27)

Hic Dominus facit aquam et terram (Here the Lord makes the water and the earch)

3b. The division of the waters from the dry land (Genesis 1:9)

Hic Dominus facit piscem et volucrem (Here the Lord makes the fish and fowl)

3c. The creation of fish and fowl (Genesis 1:20)

Hic Dominus facit Adamum (Here the Lord makes Adam)

3d. The creation of man (Genesis 1:27)

Hic Dominus facit Evam de Adamo (Here the Lord makes Eve out of Adam)

3e. The creation of woman (Genesis 2:22)

Hic Dominus praecipiebat Adamum de fructibus Paradisi (Here the Lord commanded Adam concerning the fruits of Paradise)

2a. The command to Adam respecting the forbidden fruit (Genesis 2:16–17)

Hic Adamus frangit praeceptum Christi (Here Adam breaks the command of Christ)

2b. Adam and Eve, tempted by the serpent, (who is represented as twined round the tree, with a virgin’s face) eating the forbidden fruit (Genesis 3:6)

Hic angelus praecipiebat Adamu exire de Paradiso (Here the angel commanded Adam to go out of Paradise)

2c. The angel driving Adam and Eve out of Paradise (Genesis 3:24)

Hic Adamus et Eva incipiebant laborare (Here Adam and Eve began to labour)

2d. Adam and Eve at work—he with a spade, and she with a spindle and distaff.

Hic Cain occidit Abel (Here Cain kills Abel)

1a. Cain slaying Abel with a jaw-bone (Genesis 4:8)

En sanguis fratris tui [clamat ad me de terra] (Behold, the blood of your brother [cries to me from the ground])

1b. God, from heaven, passing sentence upon Cain (Genesis 4:10)

Hic Lamech sagittat Cain (Here Lamech shoots Cain with an arrow)

1c. This event is not mentioned in the Bible. The legend of the Jews says that Lamech, going out to shoot wild beasts and being very old and dim-sighted, is shown Cain in a bush by his servant boy who, from his hairy appearance, mistakes him for a beast, and persuades his master to shoot him. Founded, probably, on Genesis 4:23–24.

Hic Seth ponit tria grana sub lingua Adami (Here Seth puts the three seeds under Adam’s tongue)

1d. The death of Adam, with Seth placing three apple pips in his mouth and nostrils; on the right is seen a tree, with a child lying in it. This subject, too, is derived from a Jewish legend: when Adam was about to die, conscious of his many sins, he sent his son Seth to Paradise to seek the oil of mercy. Seth sees there the Tree of Life, with the infant Jesus lying in it. From this tree an angel gathers an apple, out of which he takes three kernels and, giving them to Seth, bids him, as as soon as Adam shall be dead, to put one beneath his tongue, and one into each of his nostrils. From these, he tells him, shall spring a tree which, when full grown, shall yield the oil of mercy in five thousand five hundred years’ time.

Fac tibi arcam (Make to thee an ark)

1e. Adam’s history being concluded, that of Noah here commences, to be continued in the next window, South Chapel south 1. This scene shows us God commanding Noah to build the ark. (Genesis 6:14)