Paul, St Paulinus (St Pol de Léon)

Chancel east

Entries in grey are not obtained from documentary evidence, but are inferred from content, context, etc.

Listed in the Imperial War Museum’s Register of War Memorials, reference 33593.

Date of manufacture and insertion
1918
Number of lights
5
Maker
Anning Bell, Robert
Main subject
7. The road from Ypres to Menin
6a. Arms of Bolitho Angels receiving Lt Bolitho, as Sir Galahad, into heaven 6e. Regimental badge of the 19th Royal Hussars
5a. Angels in adoration 5e. Angels in adoration
4a. Lakenhalle, Ypres 4e. Badge of HMS Bellerophon
3a. Angels playing trumpets 3e. Angels playing trumpets
2a. Arms of Duchy of Cornwall 2e. Arms of Flanders
1. Coastal view, possibly Mounts Bay, Cornwall
Tracery subject
Eight angels playing musical instruments and two praying.
Subject type
Narrative
Dedicatee
  1. Lt William Torquill Macleod Bolitho, 19th Royal Hussars, killed in action at Chateau Hooge, Second Battle of Ypres
  2. Other members of the family and parish who died in World War Ⅰ
Notes
  1. Maker’s mark.
  2. Truro Diocesan Faculty, , D/R/304.
  3. MG Swift The Bolitho war memorial window at St Pol de Léon Parish Church, Paul, Cornwall.
  4. Next to the window is a plaque recording the names of other family members and members of the parish who died at sea. The plaque was made by Peter Wylie Davidson, whose name is in the bottom right-hand corner and who was a contemporary of Robert Anning Bell, the maker of the window, at the Glasgow School of Art.

In honour of William Torquill Macleod Bolitho.

Lieut 19th Hussars. Born . Fell in action at Chateau Hooge Second Battle of Ypres. .

Tracery. Angels playing musical instruments.

a. Ypres Menin Road.  German Trenches. British Trenches b. Ecluselte Cottage c. Bellewaerde or Bellewaarde Wood d. German Trenches.  British Trenches e. Hooge. Ypres Menin Road

Heads of the five main lights, showing the battlefield at Château Hooge

a. Ypres Menin Road. German Trenches. British Trenches
b. Ecluselte Cottage
c. Bellewaerde or Bellewaarde Wood
d. German Trenches. British Trenches.
e. Hooge. Ypres Menin Road

The five main panels.

b. Six angels receiving Lt Bolitho c. Lt Bolitho as Sir Galahad d. Six angels receiving Lt Bolitho

The central scene

b. Six angels receiving Lt Bolitho
c. Lt Bolitho as Sir Galahad
d. Six angels receiving Lt Bolitho

a top. At the top are the arms of Bolitho above two child angels. The arms illustrate Lt Bolitho’s ancestry and relationship with other Cornish families: on the left (dexter) Bolitho of Trengwainton, Penzance, is ermine, on a plain chevron between two chevronels engrailed and three fleurs-de-lis sable five bezants (Burke, Bernard, The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales, p 97. , London, Harrison & Sons). Borlase is ermine on a bend sable two hands and arms issuing out of the clouds at the elbows all proper rending a horseshoe or (Burke , op. cit., p 101), Trevelyan is gules a demi horse argent hoofed and maned or, issuing out of water in base proper (Burke , op. cit., p 1029). On the right is his mother’s family, Macleod of Cadboll (Mackenzie 1889 p 431), quarterly 1st or, a mountain azure inflamed proper, 2nd gules three legs in armour conjoined at the upper part of the thigh proper, 3rd or, a lymphad sable flags gules, 4th azure, a castle triple-towered and embattled argent masoned sable windows and porch gules (Burke , op. cit., p 645).

a centre and bottom. At the top is a representation of the lakenhalle (Cloth Hall) in Ypres, with the arms of Flanders on the left and Ypres on the right. This medieval commercial building was destroyed by artillery fire during the First World War and then reconstructed over a period of 30 years to its pre-war state. At the bottom are the arms of the Duchy of Cornwall, sable fifteen bezants, five, four, three, two, and one (Burke , op. cit., p 230)

e top. The regimental badge of the 19th Royal Hussars (Queen Alexandra’s Own) above two child angels.

e centre and bottom. At the top is the emblem of HMS Bellerophon, in which Lt Bolitho served as a midshipman before he joined the army. At the bottom are the arms of Flanders.

And you will speed us onward with a cheer
And wave beyond the stars that all is well

(the last two lines of the the poem ‘Julian Grenfell’ by Maurice Baring ()).

b to d lower. The main inscription is below the main panels on textured white glass in diamond leads. To left and right of the central inscription are a Pro Patria emblem and the 1914–15 medal on a red, white and blue ribbon, which Lt Bolitho would have been entitled to wear. The poet Julian Grenfell () died two days after Lt Bolitho, of wounds received at Château Hooge thirteen days earlier.

a and b bottom. Cliffs and the sea.

R·An·Bell·.

e bottom right. The mark of the maker, Robert Anning Bell.

To gallant men
This window is also in memory of his uncle Lieutenant Torquill Macleod R.N. H.M.S. Serpent wrecked off the coast of Spain and of his cousin Midshipman Torquil Harry Lionel Macleod R.N. H.M.S. Goliath and his shipmates of the parish of Paul
John Thomas Blewett
Mark Hallo Wallis
Richard Worth Wallis
Charles Everett Richards
William Gilbert Harry
who went down with their ships in the Dardanelles and in honoured memory of all those who died with them.

The memorial tablet adjacent to the window. In the bottom right-hand corner is inscribed the name of its maker, Peter Wylie Davidson, who was a contemporary of Robert Anning Bell, the maker of the window, at the Glasgow School of Art.